Michelle Rios & Ors v Grossmont Union High School District (2013) H&FLR 2014-15
Fourth District Court of Appeal for California
16 December 2013
Coram: McConnell PJ, Irion and O’Rourke JJ.
Catchwords: California – high school – football – ankle injury – returned to play – tackle – spinal injury – negligence – standard of care – jury instructions – appeal
Facts: Michelle and Reymond Rios were the parents of Colter Rios, who suffered a spinal injury while playing for a high school football team organised by the defendant. He sustained an ankle injury during play and, after having the ankle strapped by a college student who was studying athletic training (rather than the school’s athletic trainer himself), was returned to the field. After rejoining play, he was tackled by an opposing player and suffered significant injuries.
Master Rios and his parents brought proceedings against the defendant school district. They alleged that the District had negligently allowed him to continue to play following his ankle injury. The parties agreed that the ordinary standard of care applied, with the further detail that adults must anticipate the ordinary behaviour of children and be more careful in dealing with children than in dealing with other adults. The jury was permitted to consider the community’s customs or practices in assessing what a reasonable person would have done in the circumstances. It was also agreed by the plaintiffs that the standard of care to be observed by school staff is that which a person of ordinary prudence and having comparable duties would exercise under the same circumstances. They did not ask that the jury be given any particular instructions based on the standards of the National Athletic Trainers’ Association standards or of the California Interscholastic Federation.
The jury returned a finding of no negligence. The plaintiffs appealed.
Held: Per curiam, dismissing the appeal –
1. The court at first instance had correctly instructed the jury as to the law: in a claim for injuries suffered in a high school football game, the standard of care required of a school official is that which a person of ordinary prudence, with the same responsibilities and in the same circumstances, would exercise.
Pirkle v Oakdale Union Grammar School District, 253 P.2d 1, 40 Cal.2d 207 (1953), followed.
2. When the relevant law has been stated correctly in a general charge to the jury, a party may not argue on appeal that a more specific instruction should have been given, unless they at the time requested a more specific instruction be given.
White v Inbound Aviation, 69 Cal.App.4th 910, 82 Cal.Rptr.2d 71 (1999), followed.
No finding was made on whether more specific instructions should actually have been given to the jury.